Vietnam is one of the countries severely affected by the climate change process. Only in the past 2 years, the stagnant air pollution, water pollution, toxic waste ... has tended to increase, upsetting people's lives.
At many seminars on sustainable urban development, many experts have affirmed that many green projects, green buildings, or green urban areas must be developed to limit the negative effects of the process. climate change.
However, in reality, green buildings in Vietnam are still too few compared to other countries in the region. By the end of 2019, the total number of green buildings in Vietnam stopped at 70, only 1/3 of Thailand, and 1/15 of Singapore.
Ecopark, East of Hanoi. Photo: Cuong Nguyen
Talking to the reporter of Dan Tri newspaper, Mr. Vu Hong Phong, green building expert of the international financial organization (IFC) said that there are 3 major barriers to the development of green buildings in Vietnam.
In which, the biggest problem comes from State mechanisms and policies. Specifically, the provisions of law related to the management, support and encouragement of green building development are inadequate. There are no mandatory regulations to require public-invested projects to be built and operated according to green building standards.
Second, many "big men" in the real estate industry are still having wrong views about the cost of building green buildings, which is 10 to 15% more.
In fact, according to Mr. Phong, green buildings bring many sustainable and long-term economic benefits. For example, saving 25% - 50% of resources (reducing about 30-35% of carbon emissions, saving 30 - 50% of water used), and about 30% in maintenance costs of the building.
Especially, in the context of air pollution, dust in big cities is becoming more serious, people increasingly need to live in green spaces, close to nature.
In addition, the participation of banks and financial institutions in supporting credit and concessional loans for green building projects has not been much.
“Most of the national key industries have financial support packages with low interest rates, for example the automobile and motorcycle industries, ... In contrast, with the green construction segment, there is no With this preferential mechanism, input costs are high, many investors do not pay much attention to green buildings ", Mr. Phong said.
In the context of air pollution, dust in big cities is becoming more serious, people increasingly need to live in green spaces, close to nature. Photo in the Ecopark urban area.
On that basis, Mr. Phong suggested the Government and the Ministry of Construction soon complete the legal corridor, and have preferential mechanisms for businesses to develop green buildings. Especially financial aid packages.
“These financial support packages are not only for businesses, but also towards consumers. When there are financial support packages, the demand will increase, thus, the supply will also increase ", Mr. Dung shared.
At the same time, it is necessary to "lawize" green buildings, incorporate green building, green building, and green urban standards into the Construction Law.
Having the same point of view, Mr. Do Van Cuong, Chairman of ID Green's Board of Directors, said that at present, the Ministry of Construction has green building standards, but it is only a legal document and has no mandatory elements. .
Therefore, in order for green buildings to be put into practice, it is necessary to "lawize" in a compulsory way, including a penalty factor if the enterprise intentionally makes a mistake.
"When there are sanctions and deterrent enough, then businesses will consciously build green buildings," said Mr. Cuong.
According to dantri.com.vn
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